Source string

faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->title
139/1390
Key English State
faq->entries->this-is-only-a-dream->body We realise that our proposal is the only way to go ahead for a copyright based on fundamental rights. We think sometimes such ambition is needed.
faq->entries->this-is-not-a-new-idea->title This is not a new idea!
faq->entries->this-is-not-a-new-idea->body Admittedly, it's mostly an old idea. The most famous variant is probably Fisher's proposal of a statutory license to solve problems like Napster being shut down because it was only able to stop 99,4 % of copyright infringement but not 100 %. <a href="http://www.free-culture.cc/freeculture.pdf">See "Free culture" (2004), p. 307.</a>
faq->entries->you-want-to-violate-copyright->title You want to violate copyright!
faq->entries->you-want-to-violate-copyright->body No. We want to change copyright and our proposal is compatible with the Berne convention and related treaties.
faq->entries->what-is-the-sui-generis-database-right->title What is the Sui Generis Database Right?
faq->entries->what-is-the-sui-generis-database-right->body The sui generis right protects databases, in which there has been a substantial investment in obtaining, verifying or presenting the data contents, against unauthorised extraction and re-utilisation of their content. There is no requirement for creativity or originality. This right lasts 15 years from the date the non-creative database was made. It is distinct and independent from copyright, which protects original works. Sui Generis Database Right belongs to the family of «related rights», i.e. similar but independent from copyright.
faq->entries->i-am-eu-citizen-resident-outside-of-the-eu-can-i-sign-the-eci->title I am EU citizen resident outside of the EU. Can I sign the ECI?
faq->entries->i-am-eu-citizen-resident-outside-of-the-eu-can-i-sign-the-eci->body This depends on the member state of which you are national. Depending on the requirements asked by the member states, you may or may not be able to sign up online. This is due to the fact that some member states require an EU address.
faq->entries->i-am-a-national-of-one-eu-member-state-but-living-in-another-eu-member-state-in-which-member-state-do-i-sign->title I am a national of one EU member state but living in another EU member state. In which member state do I sign?
faq->entries->i-am-a-national-of-one-eu-member-state-but-living-in-another-eu-member-state-in-which-member-state-do-i-sign->body You can choose to select either the country of your citizenship or the country where you currently live in. Please bear in mind, that you can sign up only once for the initiative “Freedom to Share”. The data which you provide in your signature will determine in which member state your signature will be counted. Example: an Austrian citizen living in Estonia can either: a) fill in the form for Estonia, providing their full first names, family names, address, date and place of birth and nationality - in this case, their signature will be verified and therefore counted in Estonia, or b) or fill in the form for Austria, providing in addition to the above data a personal identification document number from the list accepted by Austria – in this case, their signature will be verified and therefore counted in Austria.
faq->entries->im-not-sure-ive-signed-the-eci-yet-can-i-sign-a-second-time-or-is-my-signature-invalidated->title I'm not sure I've signed the ECI yet. Can I sign a second time or is my signature invalidated?
faq->entries->im-not-sure-ive-signed-the-eci-yet-can-i-sign-a-second-time-or-is-my-signature-invalidated->body Yes, sign again if you're unsure. Your signature is valid and is counted only once. The software automatically detects double signatures and sorts out duplicates.
faq->entries->why-do-i-have-to-provide-so-much-personal-information->title Why do I have to provide so much personal information?
faq->entries->why-do-i-have-to-provide-so-much-personal-information->body A European Citizens' Initiative is different from a "normal" petition: it is an official democratic instrument that enables EU citizens to help shape Europe by asking the European Commission to propose a legislative act. If we manage to collect one million (validated) signatures, the EU Commission will be legally obliged to deal with our demands. We have no control over what data is required for the signing of a European Citizens' Initiative by the member states. The respective EU member states determine which data must be collected, so that the signatures are valid and counted. For this reason, in an ECI it is necessary to give more personal data than you are used to from other "petitions".
faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->title Could this proposal be used as a "legal blanket" for the distribution of private information such as personal data, private pictures, etc.?
faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->body No. This proposal only concerns the distribution of published material. Sharing unpublished materials will remain illegal. In addition to that, distribution of personal data is illegal if does not comply with the GDPR.
faq->entries->is-it-going-to-be-legal-to-share-all-files->title Is it going to be legal to share all files?
faq->entries->is-it-going-to-be-legal-to-share-all-files->body Of course not. We are proposing to amend copyright and related laws. Many other laws may prevent sharing specific kinds of files: think of trade secrets, privacy and so on.
faq->entries->ok-i-got-it-what-can-i-do-to-make-file-sharing-legal->title OK, I got it. What can I do to make file sharing legal?
faq->entries->ok-i-got-it-what-can-i-do-to-make-file-sharing-legal->body First, remember to sign the ECI campaign. This will contribute to reach the one million signature goal that will oblige the Commission to take a position on our initiative. Then, you can help in other ways: 1. spread the campaign with your friends and contacts (write them, spread the communication materials, talk to them, etc. please note there will be 12 months time in order to collect 1 million subscriptions). 2. get in touch with us and contribute to the organization and spreading of the campaign in your country coordinating with other campaigners. 3. last but not least, you can also support the campaign making a donation.
faq->entries->i-see-there-is-money-involved-who-is-going-to-pay-who->title I see there is money involved. Who is going to pay who?
faq->entries->i-see-there-is-money-involved-who-is-going-to-pay-who->body It depends on how the proposal will be implemented in law. There are different legal techniques: 1. providing that citizens using file sharing networks have to pay a license to be allowed to share files including works. 2. providing for an additional small amount of money to be paid by all citizens that access the internet (and eventually share works through file sharing networks). 3. providing that a fair remuneration is paid by the state (using taxes paid by citizens).
faq->entries->is-file-sharing-legal->title Is file sharing legal?
faq->entries->is-file-sharing-legal->body File sharing on peer-to-peer networks is not legal. The objective of the initiative is to change the law in the European Union.
faq->entries->how-do-you-think-file-sharing-should-be-regulated->title How do you think file sharing should be regulated?
faq->entries->how-do-you-think-file-sharing-should-be-regulated->body We believe file sharing should be free for private use by citizens; authors and other right holders should receive a fair remuneration for the use of their works by citizens.
faq->entries->what-is-file-sharing->title What is file sharing?
faq->entries->what-is-file-sharing->body File sharing is the act of providing access to a work by digital methods and making copies of the work accessed. Usually it refers to practices like peer-to-peer sharing. But it may include sending an email attachment, using a physical support and so on.
faq->entries->what-is-a-european-citizen-initiative->title What is a European Citizen Initiative?
faq->entries->what-is-a-european-citizen-initiative->body An ECI is the opportunity given by European Union's commission to it's citizens to impulse changes in legislation. Link to wikipedia's page on <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Citizens%27_Initiative">European citizens' initiative</a>.
Key English State
contact->presentation GOIPE is a no-profit association according to art. 36 of Italian civil code made especially for the purpose of organizing European Citizen Initiatives.
This "Freedom to share" ECI has been officially submitted to the European Commission by citizens from eight European countries:
creative-commons->text Creative Commons License
creative-commons->url http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
eci->description->body To legalise sharing – via digital networks, for personal use and non-profit purposes – of files containing works and other material protected by copyright, related rights and sui generis database rights, with a view to striking a balance between the rights of authors and other rightholders and the universal right to science and culture.
eci->description->title Description
eci->name Name of the European Citizen Initiative
eci->official_text <p>Our initiative calls for the adoption of a legislative act providing for a waiver of copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights for natural persons sharing files via digital networks for personal use and non-profit purposes.</p><p>File-sharing came into existence in 1999, with the advent of Napster. Over the years, technology has made distributed (or peer-to-peer) file sharing ever more efficient (e.g., Gnutella, Freenet, BitTorrent).</p><p>From the outset, the main rightsholder companies have opposed the use of sharing technologies for works and other material subject to copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights, and current legislation is broadly in line with their wishes.</p><p>However, one question remains: is it fair for copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights to prevent the sharing of works and other material?</p><p>Copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights should help towards fostering the dissemination of culture, innovation, and social progress.</p><p>Current legislation bans the sharing of files containing works and other material subject to copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights and seriously curtails the freedom of access to science and culture enshrined in Article 27(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.</p><p>This issue is of even greater relevance today, since the adoption of Directive (EU) 2019/790 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 on copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market.</p><p>The Directive has the opposite effect. On the one hand, Article 17 makes it easier for online content sharing service providers to obtain authorization to disseminate protected content, thereby facilitating their role as privileged intermediaries and encouraging their practices of technical control and citizen profiling. On the other hand, file sharing remains banned.</p><p>This initiative calls for citizens to be allowed to share files directly via peer-to-peer networks for them to have access to science and culture without being subject to checks and profiling. EU legislation enabling this would be perfectly compatible with international law if rightsholders were given fair compensation.</p><p>People and fundamental rights must be at the heart of political and legislative decisions. It is, therefore, necessary to change the current rules governing the sharing of files containing works and other material protected by copyright, related rights, and sui generis database rights in order to enable the potential for freedom and social, cultural, and economic development offered by digital networks.</p>
faq->acronym FAQ
faq->entries->are-you-against-authors->body Not at all. We want to update copyright so that it's compatible with modern reality and people's preferences. We believe modern technology is an opportunity for authors, not a problem. We also believe that it's harmful for authors to depend on and support very unfair and unpopular status quo of copyright laws. Some authors might be appreciated and know by people much more thanks to file sharing.
faq->entries->are-you-against-authors->title Are you against authors?
faq->entries->are-you-against-digital-platforms->body No, if they do not abuse of their power to control and profile people. The various internet services which have come to dominate the digital distribution of culture can be a net positive because they make distribution more efficient. Disintermediation can also reduce the amount of money wasted on middlemen who do not produce any additional culture. However, we don't see why giant centralised internet services run by few multinationals should be in control of culture in the digital era. Efforts like article 17 in directive 790/2019 ("upload filters") were misguided, and will inevitably fail, because they failed to attack the root problem.
faq->entries->are-you-against-digital-platforms->title Are you against digital platforms?
faq->entries->are-you-against-rightsholders->body No, as long as they pursue the stated objectives of copyright (and author rights), that is the promotion of culture and social progress. Majors lost an opportunity when they attacked Napster in the early 2000; they could have sided with it and gained a free money machine. Instead they missed a decade and now they depend on royalties from Spotify, Apple, etc. for their survival. Our proposal is an opportunity for collecting societies, publishers, record labels and other rightsholders too.
faq->entries->are-you-against-rightsholders->title Are you against rightsholders?
faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->body No. This proposal only concerns the distribution of published material. Sharing unpublished materials will remain illegal. In addition to that, distribution of personal data is illegal if does not comply with the GDPR.
faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->title Could this proposal be used as a "legal blanket" for the distribution of private information such as personal data, private pictures, etc.?
faq->entries->do-you-want-to-destroy-existing-digital-distribution-channels->body No. Services survive in the long run because consumers like them, not because politicians write this or that law.
faq->entries->do-you-want-to-destroy-existing-digital-distribution-channels->title Do you want to destroy existing digital distribution channels?
faq->entries->file-sharing-platforms-are-competitors-of-netflix-spotify-and-other-content-distribution-platforms->body No. Because they are networks, there is no single competitor: file sharing networks are distributed (there is no mandatory intermediary). File sharing networks are owned by the citizens that participate in it.
faq->entries->file-sharing-platforms-are-competitors-of-netflix-spotify-and-other-content-distribution-platforms->title Are file sharing platforms competitors of Netflix, Spotify and other content distribution platforms?
faq->entries->how-do-you-think-file-sharing-should-be-regulated->body We believe file sharing should be free for private use by citizens; authors and other right holders should receive a fair remuneration for the use of their works by citizens.
faq->entries->how-do-you-think-file-sharing-should-be-regulated->title How do you think file sharing should be regulated?
faq->entries->how-much-will-it-cost-for-users->body There is a spectrum of possible implementations of our proposal. We believe it's possible, with modern empirical methods and evidence-based economics, to calculate the fair compensation for the various scenarios.
faq->entries->how-much-will-it-cost-for-users->title How much will it cost for users?
faq->entries->how-should-money-be-distributed-among-authors-and-other-right-holders->body Collecting societies already have different methods to share among authors and other right holders the fair remuneration collected (money collected from the private copy levy, etc.). We believe that distribution of fair compensation collected for file sharing could be very fair if done properly. As way of example, it could be possible to develop transparent and fair statistics on the works shared through file sharing networks implementing a safe "counter" measuring the number of transfers for each file and dividing the total amount collected proportionally between content creators.
faq->entries->how-should-money-be-distributed-among-authors-and-other-right-holders->title How should money be distributed among authors and other right holders?
faq->entries->how-will-file-sharing-freedom-benefit-citizens->body They will be free to access works through file sharing networks without being required to use platforms that profile them.
faq->entries->how-will-file-sharing-freedom-benefit-citizens->title How will file sharing freedom benefit citizens?
faq->entries->how-will-freedom-to-share-files-benefit-artists->body They will receive money for the use of their works from file sharers. Moreover they will allow citizens to access their works by means that are not under control of third parties: authors will enjoy more freedom and their works will be at hand.
faq->entries->how-will-freedom-to-share-files-benefit-artists->title How will freedom to share files benefit artists?

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faq->entries->could-this-proposal-be-used-as-a-legal-blanket-for-the-distribution-of-private-information-such-as-personal-data-private-pictures-etc->title
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